In a young person, usually there are specific ailments for example heart and and nervous system that can cause some one to fall down. But the older age can predispose people to fall for many factors.
Some factors that may contribute to falls include:
- Loss of muscle mass.
- Illnesses that impair your mental or physical functioning, such as low blood pressure or dementia.
- Use of four or more prescription medications.
- Poor vision.
- Poor balance.
- Certain diseases that affect how you walk.
- Alcohol use.
- Side effects of some medications, such as:
- Sedatives or tranquilizers.
- Sleeping pills.
- Muscle relaxants.
- Heart medicines.
- Blood pressure pills.
How to prevent Falls in elderly
How to prevent Falls in elderly
Falls can also be caused by factors around you that create unsafe conditions. Here are some tips to help prevent falls outdoors and when you are away from home:
- Use a cane or walker for added stability.
- Wear shoes that provide support and have thin nonslip soles. Avoid wearing slippers and athletic shoes with deep treads.
- Walk on grass when sidewalks are slippery; in winter, put salt or kitty litter on icy sidewalks.
- Stop at curbs and check their height before stepping up or down.
Some ways to help prevent falls indoors are:
- Keep rooms free of clutter, especially on floors. Avoid running electrical cords across walking areas.
- Use plastic or carpet runners on slippery floors.
- Wear shoes, even when indoors, that provide support and have thin nonslip soles. Avoid wearing slippers and athletic shoes with deep treads.
- If you have a pet, be mindful of where they are to avoid tripping over them.
- Do not walk in socks, stockings, or slippers.
- Be careful on highly polished floors that are slick and dangerous, especially when wet, and walk on plastic or carpet runners when possible.
- Be sure carpets and area rugs have skid-proof backing or are tacked to the floor. Use double-stick tape to keep rugs from slipping.
- Be sure stairs are well lit and have rails on both sides.
- Install grab bars on bathroom walls near the tub, shower, and toilet.
- Use a rubber bathmat or slip-proof seat in the shower or tub.
- Improve lighting in your home. Use nightlights or keep a flashlight next to your bed in case you need to get up at night. Install ceiling fixtures or lamps that can be turned on by a switch near the room’s entrance.
- Use a sturdy stepstool with a handrail and wide steps.
- Add more lights in rooms.
- Keep a cordless phone or cell phone with you so that you don’t have to rush to the phone when it rings. In addition, if you fall, you can call for help.
- Consider having a personal emergency-response system; you can use it to call for help if you fall.
The above article is for information purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other qualified health professional for any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition.
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