Early civilizations Egypt: ancient Egyptian medicine


One of  the large, earliest and meaningful medical traditions were developed in Ancient Egypt.  Herodotus described the Egyptians as one of healthiest people because of possessing the notable public health system.  He found the practice of medicine very specialized. Although Egyptian medicine, to a considerable extent, dealt with the supernatural, it eventually developed into more practical use in the various  fields  of medicine.

Medical information in the Edwin Smith Papyrus may date to a time as early as 3000 BC. Imhotep  in the 3rd dynasty may be founder of ancient Egyptian medicine and with being the original author of the Edwin Smith Papyrus, detailing cures, ailments and anatomical observations. The Edwin Smith Papyrus is regarded as a copy of several earlier works and was written in 1600 BC, contains earliest recorded reference to brain. It is an ancient textbook on surgery almost completely devoid of magical thinking and describes in exquisite detail the examination, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of numerous ailments.

The Kahun Gynecological Papyrus treats women’s complaints, including problems with conception. Dating to 1800 BCE, it is the oldest surviving medical text of any kind.

Medical institutions, referred to as Houses of Life are known to have been established in ancient Egypt as early as 2200 BC.

Ancient Egypt also had one earliest known physician Hesy- Ra . He was Chief of Dentists and Physicians for King Djoser in the 27th century BCE. Also, the earliest known woman physician,  Peseshet, practiced in Ancient Egypt  at the time of the 4th dynasty . Her title was Lady Overseer of the Lady Physicians. In addition to her supervisory role, Peseshet trained midwives at an ancient Egyptian medical school in Sais.

 

 

Link    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_medicine

 

Ray of hope for doctors :Honourable President and Delhi high court show concern about violence against doctors


At last, Delhi high court has expressed concern  over growing instances of attacks on doctors by irate patients. It also identified lack of adequate number of medical experts in government hospitals, as a possible cause. It also made a note of  government’s  failure to increase the number of doctors despite multifold increase in patient load. And the next date for hearing is fixed for 10 days later, on 29th May.

Our Honourable President Mr Pranab Mukherjee too, has disapproved of the violence against doctors, thus giving hope to  doctors that their fundamental right  of safe working environment may be restored in near future.

Although good working conditions still remain a distant dream for doctors but this raises hope of getting atleast a safer environment which is absolute  necessary for a doctor to practise.

Although points raised by courts are well known and basic but are very important to begin with. But still until now, none of the government authorities had extended help to the doctor’s community. Isn’t it ironical that in 21st century, when sky is the limit for advances in majority of the professions, the most educated and a hard working community of the country is fighting for its basic and fundamental right of a safer workplace? It is just unthinkable that doctors still have to struggle for their basic  right in present era.

 

Honourable President Mr Pranab Mukherjee too, has disapproved of the violence against doctors(link)

Attacks on doctors by relatives of patients unacceptable: President Pranab Mukherjee

Delhi high court has expressed concern  over growing instances of attacks on doctors by irate patients.(Link)

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/hc-seeks-report-on-docs-safety/articleshow/58504721.cms

 

Real story of a female doctor assault : Routine affair for uncivilized society


Few words here can’t describe the plight of a female doctor, who was brutally assaulted by a mob at her residence, for no fault of hers. This incidence happened few months back, about 200 KM away from Delhi.

It was an evening time and a boy had an accident with a bus. He was brought to a community health center.  Female medical officer who had her residence inside the hospital in staff quarters examined the patient and found that he was already dead. She explained the situation to the family members with due sensitivity, did all the paper work and returned to her residence in about an hour. Mob kept on gathering and after half an hour, they barged into the house of the lady medical officer.

They dragged her by hair in front of her teenage daughter. Mob started assaulting her with fists and legs along with a rod. Her daughter cried and shouted for help.   Mob even tried to set her on fire. This brutal and devilish assault continued till neighbours from other staff quarters saved her with great difficulty and took her away. Mob continued rampage in her house and hospital, trying to break everything.

She sustained severe head injuries and was admitted in a hospital for about ten days. What was her fault and why mob did this to her? Is being a doctor and working in remote area her fault? Everybody knew that the reason for death of the boy was what happened outside the hospital.  There was an errant bus driver, who was responsible.  Then why was she made a punching bag for venting out emotions of the bereaved relatives. Nothing and really nothing can justify this barbaric act. Emotions should not be allowed to take such a demonic form. This is simply jungle raj, goonism and  expression of a most  uncivilized kind of society, which simply cannot be excused by any sort of reasoning. The incident was protested by the professional bodies as is the routine and after few day things normalized for everybody else except that terrorised family. The said lady medical officer took posting elsewhere and as is usual, nothing much happened to the accused.

Woman doctor assault : Era worse than MAHABHARATA for female doctors

There was again same silence and little concern shown by our media, courts, prominent people, celebrities, human right commission, woman right activists and women commission. This again brings forth the hypocrisy of these people and organizations, who otherwise cry about woman rights and empowerment.  Whenever a female is assaulted, there is an outrage but the same support is not extended to a female if she is a doctor. Such bestiality should create havoc in minds of civilized people but this apathy to such incidents clearly indicates otherwise. Have we become so uncivilised that an incident such as this just remains as a small news item in a local paper? Can’t we see that such incidents are harbinger of many more in future? It is important to realise that this is the time to unify and condemn such episodes vehemently and prominently so that the miscreants realise that they cannot get away with it.

Beti bachao Beti padhao vs Violence against female doctors

Violence against female doctors: Silence of human and  woman right commissions

Doctor’s wonderful global community- A reasonable and civilized society would always be indebted to doctors


When death stalks someone, be it in a day or at midnight ,or if anyone is in life threatening emergency of any type, when one starts having chest pain with sinking sensation or severe breathlessness that gives a sensation of suffocation, or a sudden unconsciousness that gives a feeling of impending death, just imagine whom one thinks of or rushes to. The only person working at most odd times at that dreadful moment, a Samaritan, whose mere presence and touch of hand gives one a sense of comfort and reassurance, is a doctor. The person who helps you always incessantly, in any corner of world at that time is the doctor. At these times he is the man who is looked upon to do a miracle. And most of the times miracle does happen. He is not concerned with one’s caste, race, religion, colour or political affiliations. You may not know him, neither would he have known you before this time. Still he will not hesitate to help one at odd hours late into night to treat the emergency. Thousands of patients in this whole world are relieved of their pain, agony and disease every minute by this hard working and wonderful community of doctors. Lives of a good number of patients out of these are routinely saved. This process happens every minute, day in and day out, all over the world. Even if one pays something in private setups for such services, sense of indebtedness still should prevail for saving a life and for timely help in a reasonable thinking and civilized society, as the money paid to the Samaritan for this great act is usually even less than what someone pays for a decent dinner in restaurant. But it is not about the money, it is about how the society perceives this act. It depends on one’s outlook whether he sees it as a noble Samaritan act or as that of a worker in a hospital which is taken for granted.

And if someone is not satisfied unto one’s uphill and unrealistic expectations, can one just go ahead and assault the saviour or drag him to court or vent his one sided version to media which is ever ready for one sided stories? The interpretation depends upon the reasonable thinking of our so called civilised society, which includes celebrities (revered for any possible reason), leaders and prominent figures. Recently, female doctors have been assaulted by mobs and these celebrities, who have sometimes fanned unholy sentiments against doctors, have not uttered a word. This reflects actual hypocrisy of these celebrities and society as a whole who project doctors in bad light unnecessarily. And although this affects the medical profession in a very negative manner , it is ultimately detrimental to patients only (I will explain that in my later article).

But definitely all these actions with which society and celebrities treat their saviours reflects upon the perceptions of the society and whether it is civilized enough to recognize and respect the good work done by a saviour community.

doctor is a soldier, fights enemy with in human body

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao vs assault of female doctors:silence of leaders and great actors: need more than sloganeering and tokenism


Lot of people including our respected leaders and some great actors talk in media about this slogan and pretend to do a lot about saving and educating our daughters. While on the other hand, those fathers who made their daughter a doctor and truly did the society proud are anguished. Their daughters have been assaulted by mobs just because they were doctors. This has bared the hypocrisy prevailing in our society .Why none of the politicians or actors, both male and female, have not taken a stand for this cause openly?  My humble request to them is to do more than mere sloganeering and tokenism,  just  show that  you really mean what you say. People look up to leaders and popular actors and actresses and am sure if they are vocal about their criticism of such behaviour, media too will take note of it and highlight this issue.

female doctor assault: silence of human right commission, woman right commission

female doctor assault: era worse than MAHABHARATA for woman doctors

Doctor (including women doctors)assault: Silence of courts, human right commission, commission for woman rights is appalling:


  Human rights of doctor community have been grossly violated by physical assaults. It is painful to see that the authorities that are supposed to take action have maintained a silence all these years about this issue.

Even courts who have vehemently raised concerns about cruelty against dogs have shown no concern about issue of cruelty against docs (doctors).

Despite reports of assault against female doctors,  commission for rights of women have maintained an inexplicable silence till now.

What is role of human rights commission, if rights of a hard working community like doctors are violated and what is it supposed to do? I really fail to understand what else will it take to shake them out of their stupor ?

 If the courts, the commission for women’s rights, and the human rights commission are maintaining silence, is it because the rights of doctors were never clearly defined and outlined.  The duties of a doctor have always been enumerated but the rights have never been discussed. Isn’t it time that we discuss this important question  “What are the rights of a doctor?”

Beti bachao beti padhao vs female doctor assault

woman doctor assault: era worse than MAHABHARATA for female doctors

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