MCI to NMC: Change of Medical Education Regulator


Some drastic regulation is need of the hour, of the  chaotic and non-uniform medical education system of India. Besides an urgent need for  better standards, uniformity in  standards of medical education and  fee structure is desirable. National Medical Commission Act 2019  has been passed. NMC has replaced MCI. But attainment of desired goals will still  depend upon, how well the future plans are implemented. The  mammoth system needs an herculean overall and honest policy changes from the roots.

The National Medical Commission (NMC), a new body, will function as the country’s top regulator of medical education from Friday, a day after the Centre dissolved the Board of Governors—Medical Council of India (BoG-MCI) through a gazette notification.

The setting up of NMC was a government move to bring reforms in the medical education sector, especially aimed at replacing the MCI, which was tainted by corruption.

The government had dissolved the MCI in 2018 following the corruption charges and replaced it with a BoG, which was chaired by Dr VK Paul, member (health), Niti Aayog.

The body was functioning under the Indian Medical Council (IMC) Act, 1956.

“The BoG-MCI has been dissolved and the NMC replaced it with effect from Friday,” said Dr Paul.

The IMC Act stands repealed, and has been replaced by The NMC Act that came into existence on August 8, 2019.

“Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 (102 of 1956) is hereby repealed with effect from September 25. The BoG appointed under section 3A of the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 (102 of 1956) in supersession of the MCI constituted under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the said Act shall stand dissolved,” stated the gazette notification issued by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoH&FW).

Professor Suresh Chandra Sharma, former head of the ear nose throat (ENT) department at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, has been appointed as the chairman of the NMC.

Dr Sharma had retired from AIIMS in January and was selected by a seven-member search committee for the post from 300-odd applications received from across the country. He was also one of the five short-listed candidates for the post of director, AIIMS, New Delhi, after the then director, Dr MC Misra, had retired in 2017.

Dr Rakesh Kumar Vats, secretary general, BoG-MCI, has been appointed as the secretary of the NMC by the Appointments Committee of Cabinet (ACC).

The NMC will have four separate autonomous boards: under-graduate medical education, post-graduate medical education, medical assessment and rating and ethics and medical registration.

The common final year Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) examination will now be known as the National Exit Test (NEXT), according to the new medical education structure under the NMC.

NEXT will act as licentiate examination to practice medicine, the criteria for admission to post-graduate (PG) medical courses, and also for screening of foreign medical graduates.

Besides, the National Eligibility and Entrance Test (NEET), NEXT will also be applicable to institutes of national importance such as all the AIIMS in a bid to ensure a common standard in the medical education sector in the country.

Expensive medical college seat: is it worth?

Doctor’s death: saved uncountable lives- still not counted


In an era, where Reel Heroes are worshipped and Real Heroes are not    counted even after sacrificing their lives, is an unfortunate  and disheartening for  the whole community of doctors and nurses. It is surprising that  doctors, who saved uncountable lives, did not move the administrators enough  to get them counted.  Such  incidents  are not only  painful to the medical fraternity but also expose the hypocritical  attitude of the administrators as well as  the insensitive approach of society towards health care workers, although everyone expects doctors and nurses to be sensitive towards everyone else. Such indifferent   attitude demoralizes and causes deep discouragement to the front line doctor and nurses, but sadly remains a routine business for administrators. The pain of being  treated like a dispensable disposable remains as  a deep hurt within.

         But at the same time, mere tokenism as an expression of concern is also not desirable. What is really required is a sincere effort to reduce the mortality of health care workers, to provide them better working conditions. An honest effort to find the cause of mortality among doctors and reducing it, help to the families of the health care workers is required. Due acknowledgement and true  respect to their sacrifice  is expected from civilized society.

“382 Doctors Died Of Covid”: Medical Body Says Centre “Abandoning” Heroes

Indian Medical Association has shown its displeasure over  the Government  statement on coronavirus in parliament, which had no word on the doctors who died in the line of duty, and the  statement that the Centre had no data as health is a state subject.  Accusing the government of “indifference”, “abdication” and “abandonment of heroes”, the country’s top body of medical practitioners said in such a circumstance, the government “loses the moral authority to administer the Epidemic Act 1897 and the Disaster Management Act”.

So far, 382 doctors have died of coronavirus, the IMA said. In the list it released, the youngest doctor to lose his life was 27 years old and the oldest was 85.

But while acknowledging the contribution of healthcare workers during the pandemic, the health minister made no mention of the medical professionals lost to the disease, the IMA said.  

“To feign that this information doesn’t merit the attention of the nation is abominable,” the IMA statement read. “It appears that they are dispensable. No nation has lost as many doctors and health care workers like India,” the statement added.

The IMA pointed to Union minister Ashwini Kumar Choubey’s statement that the Union government does not have any compensation data as public health and hospitals comes under the states.

“This amounts to abdication of duty and abandonment of the national heroes who have stood up for our people. IMA finds it strange that after having formulated an unfriendly partial insurance scheme for the bereaved families to struggle with the ignominy of the Government disowning them altogether stares at them,” the statement read.

Such a circumstance also exposes the “hypocrisy of calling them corona warriors on one hand and denying them and their families the status and benefits of martyrdom,” the IMA said.

Doctors and nurses dispensable disposables

Reel Heroes vs Real Heroes

25 factors, why medical treatments are expensive

Pros-cons of being a doctor

Financial complexity of Modern medicine: 25000 hospitals near closure


Financial and legal complexities have been the major side effects of modern medicine, especially for doctors. They are facing  complex  environments,  which are beyond their control. Besides financial and legal complexities, moral dilemmas, facing verbal and physical assaults are creating  complex working conditions. But if doctors are not able to work, who will be the sufferer, does not need an Einstein brain  to guess. Criticized despite their sacrifice and treating the patients, media insults are adding to their disillusionment and possibly  a withdrawal response.

Rates for Covid hospitals: IMA doctors across Maharashtra threaten to stop work if demands not met in 7 days

Doctors with the Indian Medical Association across Maharashtra have threatened to stop work indefinitely if their demands are not met within the next seven days. On September 15, all IMA members who are hospital owners will submit copies of their hospital registrations to the IMA branch offices at various places. These branches will appeal to the state government that they are unable to manage the hospitals with the new rates. “We will urge the state to take charge of the private hospitals,” said IMA Maharashtra president Dr Avinash Bhondwe.

The IMA is protesting against the “unaffordable rates forced by the state government” for Covid hospitals and said it is increasingly difficult to meet the expenses to run the small and medium-sized private hospitals. It has demanded that the government should run all private hospitals.

Bhondwe said at least 25,000 mid-sector hospitals are on the verge of closure. “The government had accepted the proposal to increase the rates for the ICU and give concessions in biomedical waste disposal charges and electricity bills. The government had also agreed to cap the rates of PPE kits and masks for doctors and the rates of medical oxygen used by hospitals were also to be reduced as per the central government’s regulations. This was to be finalised in a proposed meeting with IMA before September 1,” Bhondwe said.

However, IMA officials said the state unilaterally came out with new rates on August 31 and the IMA decided to start their protest at a meeting on September 4. On September 9, all the 216 IMA branches paid a tribute to doctors in Maharashtra and burnt symbolic copies of medical council registrations

IMA Maharashtra convened a meeting of 14 different medical organisations of all the pathies, including Ayurveda, homeopathy, yunani and dentistry, all the disciplines of modern medicine and specialties on September 12. These organisations have supported the agitation and decided to form a joint action committee to work together.

25 factors- why medical treatment expensive: are doctors responsible

Advantage disadvantage of being a doctor

Expensive medical college Fee

Salary cut for doctors; other paid at home

Aspiring Doctor: Watch the naked administrative oppression


 

Covid has been treated by doctors at great personal cost. It has resulted in even death of healthy doctors and nurses, thousands of them have stayed away from their families, for the  sake of patients. But does that kind of unparalleled sacrifice has resulted in any enhancement of  respect or prestige to the medical  profession. Has the death of medical professionals, while serving ailing fellow human beings  was enough to halt the oppression of this gentle and humble  community by administrators. Was it enough to stop physical or verbal assaults, legal or financial  exploitation. Was it enough to alter the course of oppression  by medical  industry or moral blackmail by society. Sadly it is getting more worse. Doctors and nurse have been reduced to sacrificial lambs, that are easily slayed, when administrators want to put  themselves on high moral  pedestals.

This order of district collector to arrest a doctor for raising a voice for raising serious administrative issues, for speaking the truth and not for some alleged mistake. one naked example of how medical fraternity is being suppressed.
The young aspiring doctors need to watch these times carefully, to understand completely, what they are getting into. Even while embracing death for welfare of other human beings, does not get them deserved respect, one needs to be careful about the coming times.

The contribution of doctors towards society is not recognized rather defamation of medical profession as a whole continues unabated.Doctor's dignity is sacrificed blatantly to prove greatness of administrators.General behaviour of people is far from the sense of decency towards doctors and nurses. Aspiring doctors need to watch bashing of medical profession and all such factors. There is possibility that earning a medical degree puts them at a lower pedestal in society.
 










 
 

Financial complexity of expensive medical college Fee


Why it is not worth it..

    The value of putting a money on something is judged by the return it gives, or a status, it confers to the candidate. The fee of medical colleges is exorbitant in many medical colleges and may not be worth buying a seat, because it may take, whole years of  life  working to even recover the fee or repaying the loans, amidst the present era of complex working scenario for doctors.

Private medical colleges may charge fee of 5 million to 10 million rupees or may be more.  There are glaring financial complexities arising out of the huge amount.

1. The aspiring  doctor will not add that much to his worth, because in case he loses his life in Covid (for example), the family  will not receive that much compensation. Compensations for doctor’s death are  lower than the fee charged by  medical colleges.   Not to talk about hard work and years spent and the sufferings of years to become a doctor. So a doctor’s life still remains cheaper than money spent on purchasing a medical degree.

2. Fee paid for education purposes may be worth, if the person is able to earn it back in one or may be two years. In present scenario, some lucky doctors will be able to earn that much amount in 5 to 10 years, by honest means. Rest, not so lucky, just try to repay loans, all over their life span. Any business done by use of that money will pay more than what a doctor will earn.

3. Doctor spends his life, treating hundreds and thousands of patients and saving uncountable lives, but one patient may sue the doctor for millions of rupees, mistake or even a unsatisfied patient. These compensations sought and given by courts are much beyond the money given as compensation in case of doctor death. Just proves that doctor’s as a person and with the degrees earned is not worth spending that huge amount.

4. So money demanded from doctors, be it for medical education or malpractice lawsuit, is multi-fold of what is given to them. There can be   various pretexts  to exploit doctors. They pay thousands of times of the amount they charge from patient, to lawyers, in medical malpractice lawsuit and insurance companies, just to save themselves.

5. After paying millions to medical institutes, putting themselves to hardship of years, provides them degrees. But simultaneously they become target for medical lawsuits, verbal abuse, administrative pressure and sometimes physical assaults. Getting a degree and having a healing ability does not enhance their respect in present era.

The lack of sense of gratitude towards doctors takes away the last inspiration to spend millions for the expensive medical college seat.

  Paying huge fee to medical college will make a person poorer, especially honest people. One has to apply wisdom, how buying an expensive medical college seat is going to be beneficial.

“EDG scale of doctor’s comfort: guide for medical students” – How to choose medical specialty


Choosing a medical specialty is possibly one of the most important variable factor in doctor’s life. This one factor will decide the rest of the  life of the doctor. General rough guide to the factors involved, which persist forever and throughout the life, after a doctor chooses a specialty is given below. There can be individual variation depending upon the individual attitudes, compromises and way to do practice. Therefore there will be some variation in all the fields for individuals, places, systems and countries.

Re-blog

There can be extremes and variations  on either side of spectrum, but are exceptions. Following article does not include satisfaction and earning gained from   other businesses done by doctors, running nursing home or hospitals, commercial gains  from pharmaceuticals etc. this is on basis of income purely from professional work of treating patients.  These  factors and units can be used as a scale for guidance of medical students and hence named as EDG scale of doctor’s comfort (Extinct doctor good)

Factors

  1.      Earning
  2.      Prolonged tough training
  3.      Satisfaction of treating patients
  4.      Satisfaction of making diagnosis
  5.      Emergency & odd hour duty
  6.       Stress of life and death
  7.       Legal complexity and stress

The Unit—-Single * or (I) is  one unit. With experience and years of work , this unit  (for same doctor) will also multiply with age.

UNIT

India ( * or 1) is  1  million  rupees/annum

Advanced countries- (* or 1)== one lac or 100,000 dollars/ annum

 

General practice

 

 
       1.  Earning **to ***      2-3
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

**
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

**
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

**
       6. Stress of life and death

 

**
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

**
Internal medicine

 

 
       1.  Earning **to****        2-4
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

**to***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

***
       6. Stress of life and death

 

**
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

***

 

cardiology

 

 
       1.  Earning **to*******  2-7
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

****
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

****
       6. Stress of life and death

 

****
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

****

 

gastroenterology

 

 
       1.  Earning **to******   2-6
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

**
       6. Stress of life and death

 

***
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

**

 

Neurology

 

 
       1.  Earning **to******  2-6
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

****
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

**
       6. Stress of life and death

 

**
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

***                  3

 

Nephrology

 

 
       1.  Earning **to******   2-6
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

***
       6. Stress of life and death

 

***
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

***           3

 

Pulmonary medicine

 

 
       1.  Earning **to*****     2-5
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

**
       6. Stress of life and death

 

***
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

***                    3

 

 

Emergency  Medicine

 

 
       1.  Earning **to****     2-4
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

****
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

****
       6. Stress of life and death

 

****
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

****                4

 

Anaesthesia

 

 
       1.    Earning **to*****     2-5
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

****
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

**
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

**
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

****
       6. Stress of life and death

 

****
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

****                 4
Endocrinology

 

 
       1.  Earning **to*****       2-5
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

**
       6. Stress of life and death

 

**
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

**                2
Psychiatry

 

 
       1.  Earning **to*****       2-5
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

**
       6. Stress of life and death

 

*
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

**                  2

 

 

 

 

paediatrics

 

 
       1.  Earning **to*****       2-5
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

***
       6. Stress of life and death

 

***
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

****                  4

 

Critical care

 

 
       1.  Earning **to*****   2-5
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

****
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

****
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

****
       6. Stress of life and death

 

****
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

****           4

 

Paediatric critical care

 

 
       1.  Earning **to*****     2-5
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

****
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

****
       6. Stress of life and death

 

****
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

****               4

 

General Surgery

 

 
       1.  Earning **to*****      2-5
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

****
       6. Stress of life and death

 

****
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

****               4

 

Minimal access surgery

 

 
1.          Earning **to******    2-6
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

****
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

**
       6. Stress of life and death

 

***
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

***                3

 

 

Cardiac surgery- CTVS

 

 
       1.  Earning **to******    2-6
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

****
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

****
       6. Stress of life and death

 

****
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

****               4

 

Urology

 

 
       1.  Earning **to******    2-6
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

**
       6. Stress of life and death

 

**
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

***                 3

 

Gastro-surgery

 

 
       1.  Earning **to******    2-6
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

****
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

***
       6. Stress of life and death

 

****
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

****            4

 

Neurosurgery

 

 
       1.  Earning   **to******   2-6
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

****
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

****
       6. Stress of life and death

 

****
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

****            4

 

Head and Neck surgery

 

 
       1.  Earning **to******   2-6
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

**
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

***
       6. Stress of life and death

 

**
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

***               3

 

Orthopaedics

 

 
       1.  Earning **to******                2-6
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

***
       6. Stress of life and death

 

**
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

***                             3

 

Ophthalmology

 

 
       1.  Earning **to*****             2-5
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

**
       6. Stress of life and death

 

*
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

**                           2

 

Radiology

 

 
       1.  Earning **to******   2-6
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

*
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

****
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

**
       6. Stress of life and death

 

*
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

**                  2
ENT

 

 
       1.  Earning **to*****    2-5
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

**
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

**
       6. Stress of life and death

 

*
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

**                 2

 

Dermatology

 

 
       1.  Earning **to*****   2-5
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

**
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

*
       6. Stress of life and death

 

*
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

*                1

 

Gynaecology/obstetrics

 

 
       1.  Earning **to*****   2-5
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

**
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

****
       6. Stress of life and death

 

****
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

****

 

Plastic Surgery

 

 
       1.  Earning **to******    2-6
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

*
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

**
       6. Stress of life and death

 

*
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

**              2

 

 

Oncology

 

 
       1.  Earning **to*****   2-5
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

***
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

**
       6. Stress of life and death

 

**
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

**               2

 

Onco-surgery

 

 
       1.  Earning **to******     2-6
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

***
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

***
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

**
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

**
       6. Stress of life and death

 

**
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

**                    2

 

Anatomy

 

 
       1.  Earning **to***     2-3
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

**
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

Nil
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

Nil
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

Nil
       6. Stress of life and death

 

Nil
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

Nil

 

Physiology

 

 
       1.  Earning **to***
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

**
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

Nil
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

Nil
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

Nil
       6. Stress of life and death

 

Nil
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

Nil

 

Biochemistry

 

 
       1.  Earning **to***    2-3
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

**
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

Nil
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

Nil
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

Nil
       6. Stress of life and death

 

Nil
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

Nil

 

Microbiology

 

 
       1.  Earning **to****    2-4
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

**
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

0 to*
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

**
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

*
       6. Stress of life and death

 

Nil
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

*

 

 

Pathology

 

 
       1.  Earning **to ****    2-4
       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

**
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

NIl
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

****
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

*
       6. Stress of life and death

 

Nil
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

*

 

Medical administrator/Manager

 

 
       1.  Earning **to********  2-8

sometimes multiple

       2..   Prolonged tough training

 

**
       3..   Satisfaction of treating patients

 

Nil
       4.  Satisfaction of making diagnosis

 

Nil
       5. Emergency & odd hour duty

 

*
       6. Stress of life and death

 

Nil
      7. Legal complexity and stress

 

*

. There can be extremes and variations  on either side of spectrum, but are exceptions.

If the reader have some different view, or want to add something, they are welcome to  write in comments. This table just  highlights a trend of factors and may not be perfect. But it gives the factors which need to be taken into account,  before choosing specialty.

Blog at WordPress.com.

Up ↑

%d bloggers like this: